Does the one who refrains from Zakah become a kafir?

What is apparent from the evidences i.e. Quran and Sunna, it declares takfir on the one who refrains from giving Zakaah. And this saying is the saying of a group of Sahabah and Tabi’een and the scholars who came after them.

And this is apparent from the evidences like it is narrated by Imam Muslim in his Sahih on the authority of Zayd ibn Aslam, who heard from Abi Saalih, who heard from Abu Hurayah may Allah be pleased with him, that the messenger of Allah ﷺ said and he mentioned the Hadith wherein is said about the refrainer from giving Zakaah:

ثُمَّ يُرَى سَبِيلُهُ إِمَّا إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ وَإِمَّا إِلَى النَّارِ
“And he sees whether his path is to take him to Paradise or to Hell.”

And this abrogates the other evidences from their apparent meaning, and it indicates the lack of kufr from one who refrained from Zakah. Only if he denies (Jahadda) Zakah he becomes an apostate with consensus. Or fought to prevent (people) from giving it, he will become a Kaafir according to the most correct of the two opinions.

Translated by Abu Yahya

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